Identify a true statement about nonverbal communication. O Nonverbal communication does not supplement oral forms O…
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Question “Identify a true statement about nonverbal communication. O Nonverbal communication does not supplement oral forms O…”
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Nonverbal communication refers to the act of communicating without words. Also known as manual language. Nonverbal behavior can emphasize certain parts of a verbal message in a similar way to how italicizing emphasizes written languages.
Jurgen Ruesch, psychiatrist, and Weldon Kees, author of “Nonverbal Communication” (Notes on the Visual Perceptions of Human Relations) introduced the term nonverbal communication in 1956.
Since centuries, nonverbal communication has been recognized as an important aspect of communication. Francis Bacon, for instance, observed in “The Advancement of Learning (1605) that the lineaments of the body don’t reveal the disposition or inclination of mind in general, but only the movements of the countenance, and parts, do. . . Further, reveal the present humour, state of mind, and will.
Different types of nonverbal communication
Judee Burgoon (1994) has identified seven different nonverbal dimensions:
- Kinesics, or body movements that include facial expressions and eye contact.
- Vocalics and paralanguage which includes volume, rate of sound, pitch, and timbre.
- Personal appearance
- Our physical environment, and the artifacts and objects that make it up;
- Personal space or proxemics;
- Touch or haptics.
- Chronomics and time. We would also add emblems or signs to this list.
Signs and emblems are all gestures that replace words, numbers, or punctuation marks. These can range from the simple gesture of a hitchhiker’s thumb, which is monosyllabic, to more complex systems like the American Sign Language for Deaf, where nonverbal signs have a direct verbal translation. It is important to note that emblems and signs are culturally specific. In some Latin American countries, the thumb-forefinger gesture that was used to signify ‘A-Okay” in the United States has taken on a offensive and derogatory interpretation.
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